Who is God in the Koran?
Description
The Koran does not contain any passages which comprise any kind of systematic description of the characteristics of God. In Arabic he is called "Allah", which means simply "The God". God does not introduce himself in the Koran like he does in the Old Testament, with the words "I am who I am", (Exodus 3,14, NASB) but remains hidden - a mystery.
Content
The Koran does not contain any passages which comprise any kind of systematic description of the characteristics of God. In Arabic he is called "Allah", which means simply "The God". God does not introduce himself in the Koran like he does in the Old Testament, with the words "I am who I am", (Exodus 3,14, NASB) but remains hidden - a mystery. He is completely separated from his creation, and cannot be compared at all with any of his created beings, for "Nothing is like him" (Surah 42,11). Because God is a mystery, it is impossible for anybody to try to paint a mental picture of him, or what he is like, and the very attempt would be forbidden. A Muslim believer only knows the names of God, the attributes described in the Koran, and hears about his dealings with mankind. The centre of the Koran's message is that God is one, that nothing is comparable to him, and that he himself cannot be compared to anything else. This dogma is called the "tauhid": (The unity/oneness of God) "He is God, the only, the eternal! He does not conceive, and was not himself conceived! There is no-one like him!" (112,1-4)

This God is characterised by three areas: creation, sustenance, and judgement. The Koran reports that, at the beginning, God created the world and mankind. At the end of time each individual will be judged, and receive his just reward from the almighty, but merciful God, from whom nothing remains hidden, not even a "leaf falling to the ground" (6,59). God is the one God, truly existing, transcendent, almighty, all-present, unchangeable, never passing away, eternal and uncreated, all-knowing and unlimited in his might: "He does not conceive, and has not been conceived. He cannot be measured, veils cannot cover him. They try to apprehend him, but cannot grasp him - he cannot be measured by man, no created being compares to him in any respect"1 In Islam today, the idea has emerged, that Allah has 99 names, by which the believer can worship him.
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Posted : 2012-04-16 10:28:19 GMT
Author/Authors : Dr. Christine Schirrmacher
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